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yatha pinde tatha brahmande October 5, 2008

Posted by Neelam in Analytical, Articles, Spiritual.
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Hymn 1.50 of the Rigveda on the Sun says:
tatha ca smaryate yojananam. sahasre dve dve sate dve ca yojane
ekena nimis.ardhena kramaman. a namo stu ta iti

[Addressing to Sun – “I bow before you, who travels 2,202 yojanas in half a nimisa”]

This half a nimesa seems to be an important measure.

A nimesa is equal to 16/73.33 seconds (0.24 sec). Nimesa is roughly the time for a blink/wink. It can be used to derive the speed of light, very close to the correct figure of 186,000 miles per second.

Most of the astronomical and astrological principles can be explained from this unit. As Sun is the light giver and the horoscope is an interpretation of the first ray of sun when the individual is born, sun also becomes a measure of his prana at the micro level. He then starts the time-clock ticking for any individual born. As the sun moves in the sky from that point on, so does the prana in any being.
Equating human days with brahma’s day (taking same nimesa value)
1 human day = 360,000 nimesas = 720,000 half nimesas
1 human year = 720,000 x 360 Nm
120 human years = 360,000 x 360 x 120 = 311,040, 000,000,000 Nm

Human life span is half a nimesa of (wink) of brahma. The life span assigned to manushya as the kaalpurush.

The measures of time are also thus defined in the Puranas:
15 nimesa = 1 kastha
30 kastha= 1 kala
30 kala = 1 muhurta
30 muhurta = 1 day-and-night

Incidentally 36,000,000 is the modern astronomical unit also which is 100 times the nimeshas in one day.

An important explanation by Sayana (c.1315-1387 AD) further elaborates this phenomenon: “It is remembered that Sun traverses 2,202 yojanas (roughly 9 miles) in half a nimesa, giving light to all things, even to the moon and the planets, by night; for they are of a watery substance from which the rays of the sun are reflected. Yojan is a yoking or harnessing, that which is yoked or harnessed, a team or vehicle, or a course or path. Yojana is a stage or the distance traversed in one harnessing or without unyoking.”

27 Nimesa correspond to 27 Nakshatras, do we understand that at each nimesha, Sun harnesses its energy? Is it through nakshatras?
27 nimesa is 16.20 pranas and total 21600 pranas in the day divided by 27 gives 800 pranas which is the movement of moon in one nakshatra and is 16.20 prana. Do we see a linkage here between the celestial movement of light and biosphere movement?

Nimesa, a unit of time binds the creation in celestial sphere to the creation in biosphere. A definite logic and ratio exists and can be derived mathematically. We can see how it co-relates the sun, the speed of light, the moon, the distances between sun and moon, the day and night, the nakshatras, the planets, Rahu-ketu, the solar year and the lunar years, etc. at the macro cosmos level and in the same proportions how it symbolizes prana and movement of prana within the body. How the disturbance in movement of prana (which is caused by speed and acceleration by virtue of a fixed nimesha) and its off-tunement with the macroprana throws the body off-balance and might result in disease etc. That is what we do in ayurveda. This unit can be converted to all other phenomenon with great ease.

All astronomical distances of planets can be derived in this unit and find a parallel within our body in the form of chakras which are all comparable to various nerve plexi that exist where our sages have suggested the chakras. The movement of prana within the chakras, which are said to be governed by various planets, is in the same proportion as in brahmand.

Modern science deals with many different branches of science. The level of the mind is studied by psychology. The atomic level of creation is studied by physics. The living cell is studied by biology. The body as a whole is studied by anatomy and physiology. The level of the family and society is catered for by sociology. The level of the solar system is studied by astronomy. The structure of our galaxy, which is studied by radio astronomy. The level of the clusters of galaxies and the universe as a whole is studied by cosmology, so on and so forth…

In quest for more knowledge, mankind goes deeper and deeper, towards exclusivity, but is unable to find the binding force, the all pervasive current that flows through the creation… the inclusivity. The creation which appears in separate forms, but is one at the basic of existence. At this point we find the absolute level of existence studied by metaphysics. The metaphysics, which tries to answer our intangible thoughts. Which tries to answer what we call as supernatural, mystical, even religious at times. Yet the answers do not come easy.

Here is a point where Vedas come to our rescue. When studied in the light of different branches of modern science, Vedas become even more revealing. And their text relates to all the levels of creation simultaneously! A case in the point is a basic unit like Nimesa, which runs throughout.

On the basis of this Vedic knowledge, we can also understand why Jyotish can claim to be the science to know everything. It gives an insight into the connectedness of all levels of creation, and it lies at the basis of all other branches of Vedic Science as well.

The basic vedic principle that governs all creation and finally merges all knowledge and all sciences, appears to be, Yatha pinde tatha brahmande which expresses the wholeness of the universe emanating from its infinite smaller forms. Wholeness is expressed in every part, and since this wholeness is contained in every part it has given rise to a holographic structure of creation. It means, “As with a man, so with the Universe”. Microcosmos is in essence the same as the external Macrocosmos. We are all, in potential, the Universal Man.

If you can handle your self, you can handle everything. The great emphasis on self knowledge is expressed in the famous upanishadic verse: “Shantam shivam advaitam chaturtham manyate, sa atma, sa vigyeyah” [“That eternal peaceful state, which is always auspicious, free from duality, and which the wise describe as the fourth state of consciousness, that is the Self, that is to be known thoroughly, scientifically.”–(Mandukya Upanishad 1.7)]

I have just put some incoherent thoughts. I may not be very clear yet in what I am trying to say. But this is something which can be explored to reveal a wealth of information.